The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) is a lynx species native to North America. It ranges across Canada and Alaska extending into the United States portion of the Rocky Mountains.
It has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002!
With a dense silvery-brown coat, ruffed face and tufted ears, it is slightly larger than a bobcat, with which it shares parts of its range, and over twice the size of the domestic cat.
The Canada lynx tends to be nocturnal like its primary prey, the snowshoe hare. Nevertheless, activity may be observed during daytime (if you’re lucky). The lynx can cover 8–9 kilometres every day to procure prey, moving at 0.47–0.91 mph.
Lynxes are good swimmers; one account records a lynx swimming two miles across the Yukon River.
Canada lynxes are also efficient climbers, and will dodge predators by climbing high up on trees; however, they hunt only on land.
They are primarily solitary, with minimal social interaction except for the mother-offspring bond and the temporary association between individuals of opposite sexes during the mating season. Individuals of the same sex particularly tend to avoid each other, forming “intrasexual” territories—a social structure similar to that found in bobcats, cougars, mustelids and ursids.